You may be wondering, 'which mortgage is right for me? When shopping for a mortgage, whether it’s a new purchase-money mortgage or a refinance, knowing which loan type to pick and why is absolutely key.
After all, the choice you make today will affect your wallet for years to come. It’s important to take your time and research your decision.
Two Main Mortgage Categories – Fixed & Adjustable
When selecting an appropriate mortgage, it generally comes down to two main choices. Fixed or adjustable. So how to decide between the two?
Should you go with the relative safety of a 15- or 30-year fixed-rate mortgage, or is it better to try your luck with an adjustable-rate mortgage?
The answer depends on your unique financial position, the state of the economy, and your own individual risk factor.
If you’re the type that likes to play it safe, a fixed-rate mortgage is probably the best choice, no questions asked.
With a FRM, you won’t have to worry about the interest rate changing at all throughout the life of the loan, which means you won’t ever see your monthly mortgage payment increase.
This is certainly great peace of mind, but you do pay a bit of a price for it.
Currently, mortgage rates on 30-year fixed loans are hovering around 4%, while 5/1 ARMs are pricing about a percentage point lower.
30-Year Fixed Mortgage: 4.00% (rate never changes over 30 years)
5/1 ARM: 2.99% (rate can change annually after first five years)
That brings us to adjustable-rate mortgages. These days, most ARMs are in fact hybrid ARMs, meaning they’re fixed for a certain period of time before becoming adjustable.
One of the most popular ARMs is the 5/1 ARM, which is fixed for the first five years of the loan term, and adjustable for the remaining 25 years. This means you get five years of absolute certainty, followed by 25 years of the great unknown.
Of course, you get a “discount” for taking on that risk, in the form of a lower mortgage rate. However, the big question is whether it’s worth it. Again, this depends on a number of factors.
Reasons You Might Go with a Fixed-Rate Mortgage
- You are risk-averse and don’t want to stay up at night worrying about your mortgage rate rising.
- You can’t handle a larger monthly mortgage payment if your mortgage rate adjusts higher.
- You plan to stay in your home for the long-haul and pay off your mortgage.
- Mortgage rates are low so that locking in a fixed-rate now will save you money long-term.
Reasons You Might Go with an Adjustable-Rate Mortgage
- You don’t plan on staying in your home for a long time (you may move or upgrade).
- You think mortgage rates may hold steady or in the future, allowing you to refinance to a lower rate later on.
- You don’t want to pay off your mortgage because you think you can do better investing your money elsewhere.
- Your interest rate could actually when it adjusts. Rates move up and down.
- See more advantages of adjustable-rate mortgages.
Want to Own Your Home Sooner?
Once you’ve decided on a fixed-rate or an adjustable-rate mortgage, you’ll need to decide on a mortgage term as well.
If you want to pay off your mortgage early, a 15-year fixed could be the best choice for conservative borrowers with deep pockets.
The payment will be significantly higher because of the shorter term, but you’ll pay a lot less in interest and own your home free and clear a lot sooner. If that’s what you want…
[30-year fixed vs. 15-year fixed]
If you’re not quite convinced an ARM is for you, take a look at longer-term ARMs, such as the 7/1 and 10/1 ARM, which are fixed for seven and 10 years, respectively, before becoming annually adjustable. That way you get the best of both worlds.
There’s even a 15/15 ARM now, which is fixed for 15 years before adjusting just once at the halfway point. That could satisfy even the biggest ARM-hater.
For the record, most homeowners move within six years, so many of these ARMs wouldn’t even make it to the first adjustment period before being paid off via a sale.
So there you have it – a primer on what mortgage you should pick and why.
Remember, this is a huge financial decision, and should go well beyond reading one article. Sit down and compare all available options. Do the math. Do your homework. Make a plan. And SHOP AROUND!
If you need a knowledge lender to help guide you through the decision making process please contact me for a reliable referral you can trust.
This blog post originally appeared on thetruthaboutmortgage.com